Malcolm X was a Pan-Africanist and devout Muslim who believed in the upliftment of African-Americans. Throughout his life, he evolved from being a
convicted criminal to a learned man who was always trying to change the social standing of African-Americans. His most famous words, “By any means necessary,” encapsulate his ideology.
Malcolm Little. Later changed to Malcolm X and El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz
Date of Birth: May 19, 1925; Omaha, Neb.
Death: February 21, 1965; Audubon Ballroom, New York
Parents:Earl and Louise Little
Spouse:Betty X; Betty Shabazz (nee Sanders)
Children: Atallah, Quibilah, Ilyasah, Gamilah, Malaak and Malikah
- Within a year and a half of being paroled from prison, X is appointed minister of the Nation of Islam’s Boston mosque, Temple No. 11, in December of 1953.
- The following year, he becomes minister of Temple No. 12 in Philadelphia and Temple No. 7 in New York.
- In 1957, X established Muhammad Speaks, the official newspaper of the Nation of Islam.
- By the early 1960s, X is included in nationally broadcasted radio stations.
- The New York Times reports that X is one of the most sought after speakers in the United States.
- In June of 1963, X organizes and leads one of the United States’ largest civil rights events, the Unity Rally.
- In March of 1964, X establishes Muslim Mosque, Inc and the Organizations of Afro-American Unity (OAAU).
- The Autobiography of Malcolm X is published in November 1965.